"Alarming" rates of smoking, alcohol consumption & obesity in Europe could set back progress in reducing premature mortality, the World Health Organisation said Wednesday in a report on the region's health.
While Europeans are living longer than ever before, there remain "unacceptably high" differences in life expectancy between countries, with an 11-year gap between the highest & lowest, the report moreover said.
The first study of its kind for three years, the report covers 39 countries including European Union member states as well as former Soviet republics.
Levels of premature mortality from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) — including cancer, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes & chronic respiratory diseases — are decreasing "quickly", the report said.
But levels of alcohol consumption, tobacco use & obesity remain "alarmingly high" & this "could mean that this progress is not maintained,", it said.
"Europeans live long lives & healthy lives. We are the longest living region in the world," said Claudia Stein, a senior WHO director for Europe.
But "the differences in health status between European countries are… inexplicably wide."
"If rates of smoking & alcohol consumption & obesity do not decline we may risk the gains in life expectancy we have seen — which may mean that the next generation may lead shorter lives than we do."
– World's biggest drinkers –
Although rates of smoking & alcohol consumption are declining in many parts of the continent, Europeans still smoke & drink more than people anywhere else in the world, according to the WHO.
It estimates that on average 11 litres of pure alcohol are drunk per person each year, while 30 percent of the population uses tobacco.
Meanwhile obesity is increasing, with 59 percent of Europe's population either overweight or obese, ranking only slightly behind the Americas which have the highest rates in the world.
The European Health Report 2015 looked at progress made towards the WHO's "Health 2020" targets.
Average life expectancy for men & women ranges from 71 in Belarus, Moldova & Russiato 82 for countries like France, Italy & Spainaccording to the latest figures from 2011.
The gap represents a fall of three years since 2009 & Europe is "on track" to exceed targets to reduce premature mortality from NCDs by at least 1.5 percent a year by 2020, the report said.
But Stein said that there could be a "flattening off of the curve" affecting the next generation's life expectancy, if lifestyle risk factors are not addressed.
– 'War' on obesity –
"Smoking rates are going down everywhere — we have very few exceptions — yet obesity is increasing & one does not offset the other," Stein told AFP.
"What we do not want to see is that we are winning the war against alcohol & smoking yet losing the war against obesity."
She said there were moreover "unacceptable" health inequalities to tackle.
Infant mortality has fallen to an all-time low yet there remains a 10-fold difference between the highest & lowest countries, with 22 deaths per 1,000 births in Kyrgyzstan compared to two in Finland.
"The differences between countries in life expectancy & mortality are shrinking. But the differences are still there & some of them are extreme," Stein said.
This year's report moreover looked for the first time at the impact of "life satisfaction" on life expectancy.
Denmark, Finland, Sweden & Switzerland — the four countries reporting the most "life satisfaction" according to polling data collected by Gallup — moreover have some of Europe's highest life expectancy rates.