Fellow Nobel Peace laureates joined thousands of followers of the Dalai Lama Sunday to celebrate the Tibetan spiritual leader's 80th birthday, kicking off a three-day honorary bash in California.
A string of minor celebrities moreover paid tribute to the crimson-robed 14th Dalai Lama ahead of his birthday Monday, although protesters moreover gathered outside the event south of Los Angeles.
"Whenever I obtain tired or I lose hope I remember you," said 2003 Nobel Peace prize winner Shirin Ebadi from Iran.
"For 60 years you have been fighting for the rights of the people of Tibet without becoming tired & without losing hope."
The Dalai Lama was guest of honor at the Global Compassion Summit at the Honda Center in Anaheim, speaking on "awakening compassion" & the "transformative power of creativity & art."
About 18,000 followers packed into the conference center gave him a standing ovation during the three-hour event, at which he was presented with an eight-foot-high (2.4 meters) birthday cake.
"The Dalai Lama does not want any physical gifts. For him, this birthday is just like any other day," said Ven Lama Tenzin Dhonden, founder of Friends of the Dalai Lama.
"However, if we can assist to create a more compassionate, kind planet, that would be the most attractive gift of all," added the Buddhist monk, who broke down in tears at one point in his tribute.
Other speakers included rapper MC Hammer, veteran CNN talk show host Larry King & online entrepeneur Arianna Huffington, as well as TV actors Josh Radnor & Wilmer Valderrama.
Anti-landmines campaigner Jodi Williams, who won the Nobel Peace prize in 1997, sang a snippet of Happy Birthday to the aging monk.
"He always says he is just a simple Buddhist monk. He may be a simple Buddhist monk, yet he is the most rocking, compassionate simple Buddhist monk I know," she said.
– 'Liar' –
But not everyone is celebrating his birthday in California: protests were staged outside by Shugden Buddhists, who revere a deity denounced since 1996 by the Dalai Lama — whom they accuse of religious persecution.
Several hundred demonstrators gathered outside the Honda Center, with some holding placards that read "Stop lying!" & "Hypocrisy."
"The false Dalai Lama… changes Buddhism into political gain through lying," said one leaflet handed out by protesters.
China accuses the Dalai Lama of trying to split Tibet from the rest of China & has called him a "wolf in sheep's clothing."
In 2011 the Dalai Lama delegated his political responsibilities to a prime minister elected by Tibetan exiles in an attempt to lessen his own totemic status & secure the movement's future after his death.
But he remains the most powerful rallying point for Tibetans, both in exile & in their homeland.
The elderly monk's promotion of non-violence along with his ready laugh have made him a global peace icon & kept Tibet firmly in the global spotlight.
He has been a unifying force for Tibetans inside & outside the mountainous region, even if he has little to show for his decades of lobbying. Formal negotiations with Beijing broke down in 2010 after making no headway.
Last year the Dalai Lama told German newspaper Welt am Sonntag that doctors had told him he could live to 100, adding, "in my dreams I will die at the age of 113 years."
On Monday the Tibetan religious figurehead will discuss climate alter & "wisdom, vision & experience," including with other Nobel laureates, while on Tuesday events wrap up with a session on youth leadership.
The Dalai Lama marked his official 80th birthday last month — on June 21 according to the Tibetan lunar calendar — in Dharamsala, his hometown in exile in India.