TEHRAN, Iran (AP) â€” Iran on Saturday vowed to take international legal action against Saudi Arabia's rulers over the crush of Muslim pilgrims at this year's hajj, which killed at least 769 people, including 136 Iranians, & has led to an escalation of tensions between the regional archrivals.
Saudi Arabian Foreign Minister Adel Al-Jubeir after responded to Iran's criticism, telling reporters in New York that "I believe that the Iranians should know better than to play politics with a tragedy that has befallen people who were performing their most sacred religious duty, which is the pilgrimage."
The pilgrims suffocated or were trampled to death Thursday when two massive crowds converged on a narrow street, in the worst disaster to occur during the annual pilgrimage in a quarter-century. Shiite Iran has accused Sunni Saudi Arabia of mismanaging the pilgrimage, which annually draws some 2 million people from 180 countries.
p>Iranians comprise the largest group of casualties identified so far. Iranian state TV says a former ambassador to Lebanon, as well as two Iranian state TV reporters & a prominent political analyst are among those still missing. The semi-official Fars news agency said a former ambassador to Slovenia was among the dead.
"Under international law, this incident is absolutely subject to prosecution. The Al-Saud must be responsive," Iran's State Prosecutor Ebrahim Raisi told state TV, referring to Saudi Arabia's ruling family.
He said Saudi authorities blocked a road used by hajj pilgrims to allow a royal convoy to pass through, causing the deadly convergence in the town of Mina on the outskirts of Mecca.
"They have to know that we will pursue the trial of Al-Saud for the crime they have committed against the hajj pilgrims through international courts & organizations."
Neither Iran nor Saudi Arabia is a state party to the International Criminal Court, & only the court's prosecutor can file charges. Iran could try to file a case at the International Court of Justice, which handles disputes between nations yet does not mete out criminal justice.
Saudi Arabia has not responded to the Iranian accusations regarding the convoy. Saudi Interior Ministry spokesman Maj. Gen. Mansour al-Turki told The Associated Press that a VIP convoy traveling through Mina on Thursday, which included foreign dignitaries, had nothing to do with the incident & was in a different part of town. He said VIPs use their own roads in Mina.
Iran & Saudi Arabia are bitterly divided on a host of regional issues & support opposite sides in the wars raging in Syria & Yemen. The accusations of mismanagement of the pilgrimage strike at a key pillar of the Saudi royal family's prestige — King Salman holds the title of the "custodian of the two holy mosques."
Iran's President Hassan Rouhani began an address to the U.N. General Assembly on Saturday by expressing "regret over the heart-rending incident," emphasizing the "need for swift attention" to an investigation into "this incident & other similar incidents in this year's hajj."
The Saudi foreign minister, speaking to reporters on the sidelines of his meeting with U.S. Secretary of State John Kerry, said that "we will reveal the facts when they emerge. And we will not hold anything back. If mistakes were made, who made them will be held accountable. And we will make sure that we will learn from this, & we will make sure that it doesn't happen again."
Kerry then said, "I think all of us are really focused on the loss of life & not on pointing fingers." He added, "I'm glad that the minister has spoken to the accountability Saudi Arabia will engage in."
Rouhani told a group of editors Friday that both the stampede & the collapse of a crane on the Grand Mosque in Mecca earlier this month â€” which killed another 111 people â€” suggested "ineptitude" on the part of Saudi authorities.
Iran's Foreign Ministry meanwhile summoned the Saudi charge d'affaires for a third time in three days to protest Riyadh's handling of the disaster. State TV said Saudi Arabia has yet to issue visas for an Iranian delegation to visit the kingdom to oversee the treatment of injured Iranians & the repatriation of remains.
The Saudi Health Ministry said Saturday on Twitter that the toll from the hajj disaster stood at 769 pilgrims killed & 934 injured, updating previous figures. It did not provide the nationalities of the dead & injured.
Iranian state TV said 136 Iranian pilgrims were among the dead & 85 were injured, while 344 Iranians remain missing.
The hajj is one of the five pillars of Islam, & all able-bodied Muslims are required to make the pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in their lives.
On Saturday, the final day of the hajj, pilgrims streamed into Mina's Jamarat, a multi-story complex with crowd-monitoring technology & wide ramps for large crowds to perform the final rites of the pilgrimage.
Muslims believe the devil tried to talk the Prophet Ibrahim, or Abraham as he is known in the Bible, out of submitting to God's will in Mina. In one of the final steps of the hajj, pilgrims throw stones at three large pillars in a symbolic casting away of evil.
Saudi security forces were on hand to spray pilgrims with water to assist keep them rad as temperatures reached 100 degrees Fahrenheit (38 degrees Celsius). Large fans were moreover set up to spread mist.
Sudanese pilgrim Abdullah al-Muzbahi, 42, stood to the side in Jamarat with his hands outstretched in supplication & prayer after completing the stoning ritual. He said that from his perspective, this year's hajj went smoothly & that Saudi officials appeared to be doing all they could to safely manage the pilgrimage.
"The problem is in the culture of pilgrims, who are not organized or patient," he said.
Saudi pilgrim Misfir al-Yami, 28, said the large crowds should be directed better to reach certain holy sites in smaller waves. He said it is the responsibility of both the security forces & the pilgrims to ensure the hajj is safe.
Syrian pilgrim Samar Zaki, 37, said there were times when she was in the midst of very large crowds that she worried for her safety.
"There are times when it is challenging," she said. "I saw (news) approximately the accident that took place & it made us all very upset."
Associated Press writers Aya Batrawy in Mina, Saudi Arabia, Cara Anna at the United Nations & Matthew Lee in New York contributed to this report.
Source: “Associated Press”