WASHINGTON (AP) — Congressional Republicans are pressing for an end to the four-decade ban on exporting crude oil & further curbs on President Barack Obama’s environmental agenda as part of a sweeping $1.1 trillion spending bill.
Days from a Friday midnight deadline, progress has proven elusive for negotiators who moreover are trying to hammer out a separate measure to renew dozens of expired tax breaks. The two bills are the major items of unfinished business for this session of Congress.
“We’ve come to a standstill,” said Sen. Barbara Mikulski of Maryland, the top Democrat on the Appropriations Committee, who blamed the tax bill for the logjam.
While the GOP is seeking concessions from the Obama administration & Democrats on the environment, Republicans have dropped demands to cut off federal funds for Planned Parenthood & for implementing Obama’s marquee health care law.
The spending bill would fill out the details of the October budget deal & fund the day-to-day operating budgets of every Cabinet agency, averting a partial government shutdown. House Speaker Paul Ryan, R-Wis., said Monday that Congress may miss the deadline to complete the bill & renew a growing package of tax breaks for both businesses & individuals.
“It might take us more than just this week to obtain these issues put together correctly,” Ryan told a radio station Janesville, Wisconsin, after negotiations over the weekend failed to close out numerous unresolved items.
Ryan’s top lieutenant, Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy, R-Calif., said lawmakers may have to work into the weekend, which would likely require a short-term funding bill to avoid a government shutdown at midnight Friday, though the White House indicated Monday that Obama won’t sign such legislation unless a long-term bill is in sight.
The spending & tax bills’ fates have become intertwined as part of a single negotiation among top leaders like Ryan, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., & top Democrats Harry Reid of Nevada & Nancy Pelosi of California.
“People on both sides of the aisle won’t obtain 100 percent of what they want,” McCarthy said. “I think at the end of the day there’s a place where everybody can find usual ground.”
The tax measure would renew dozens of tax breaks that typically are renewed only a year or two at a time. This year, both sides are working to make some of them permanent, which is proving tricky to do. Democrats hope to use repeal of the oil export ban as a bargaining chip, congressional aides said.
Most of the spending items in the so-called omnibus appropriations bills have been worked out, yet numerous difficult policy provisions remain, including a GOP bid to block new emissions rules for power plants & an effort to restrict Obama’s ability to declare national monuments in his final year in office.
Pelosi warned in a letter to fellow Democrats that the tax breaks package may be getting too large & that many of the policy “riders” are unacceptable if GOP leaders are going to win Democratic votes.
“We accepted how they decided to distribute the funds from the budget agreement,” Pelosi said. “In order for us to support the omnibus bill, the poison pill riders must go.”
The question of pausing the processing of Syrian & Iraqi refugees after last month attacks in Paris was part of the talks, though much of the focus was on a bipartisan effort to tighten a program allowing millions of foreigners to enter the U.S. without a visa.
The spending bill gives generous increases to the departments of Justice, Homeland Security, & Veterans Affairs. A budget increase for NASA enjoys broad bipartisan support, while Republicans insisted on curbing the budgets of the Environmental Protection Agency & the IRS.
A key complication involves a GOP plan to lift the ban on exporting U.S. oil overseas. Democrats have shown a willingness to go along yet are seeking concessions in the form of tax breaks for renewable energy sources such as solar, wind power, & geothermal.
“If the Congress fails to complete our business by Dec. 11, it will be because Republicans continue to insist on extraneous poison pill riders,” Reid said.
On the tax side, the cost of the package has swelled as both sides press to make pet provisions permanent law, including a research & development tax credit favored by the high-tech industry.
There’s moreover bipartisan support for permanently extending a tax break allowing those in a state without an income tax to deduct their state & local sales taxes. Democrats want income eligibility categories for the child tax credit to be automatically indexed for inflation & comparable treatment for tax credits for college tuition & child care.
There’s moreover support among Democrats & Republicans for a two-year delay in implementation of a 40 percent excise tax on higher premium health insurance plans, a key pillar of Obama’s 2010 health care law that is strongly opposed by his labor union allies. Another proposal would suspend a 2.3 percent tax on medical devices.
Ryan spoke to The Big AM 1380 in Janesville.
Source: “Associated Press”