JERUSALEM (AP) â€” Seeking to sell his nuclear deal with Iran to a skeptical Israeli public, President Barack Obama has repeatedly declared his deep affection for the Jewish state. But the feelings do not appear to be mutual.
Wide swaths of the Israeli public, particularly supporters of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, have little trust in the American leader, considering him naive & even hostile. One recent poll showed less than a tenth considered him "pro-Israel."
Such misgivings bode poorly for Obama as he tries to repair ties with Israel in the final year of his presidency, & they would certainly complicate any renewed effort at brokering peace between Israel & its neighbors â€” once a major Obama ambition.
p>The tense personal relationship between Netanyahu & Obama are certainly a factor in the poor state of affairs, & Netanyahu has made a number of missteps that have contributed to the tensions.
On a trip to the White House in 2011, the Israeli leader appeared to lecture Obama on the pitfalls of Mideast peacemaking. Netanyahu has close ties to the billionaire Republican donor Sheldon Adelson, & during the 2012 presidential race, Netanyahu appeared to favor Obama's challenger, Mitt Romney.
Netanyahu's U.S.-born ambassador to Washington, Ron Dermer, is a former Republican activist, & earlier this year, Netanyahu angered the White House by delivering a speech to Congress against the emerging Iran deal at the invitation of Republican leaders. Netanyahu has continued to lobby American lawmakers to oppose the Iran deal since it was finalized in July.
But Obama moreover bears responsibility for a number of policy decisions that have jolted Israelis' faith in him.
"The average Israeli probably thinks that he is a nice guy, yet he is naive," said Alexander Yakobson, a historian at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. In Israeli eyes, "he doesn't obtain the Middle East, doesn't understand how the Mideast functions, & he doesn't therefore understand what dangers Israel has to face," he added.
Yakobson said the president's missteps went back to his earliest days in office, when he chose to deliver a landmark speech in Cairo seeking to repair American relations with the Arab world. "That was never going to make him popular in Israel," he said.
Yakobson, who himself agrees with Obama's opposition to Israeli settlement construction in the West Bank, said the president had nonetheless mishandled disagreements with Netanyahu over the issue & peace efforts with the Palestinians that collapsed last year. Many Israelis, he said, believe the Palestinians moreover deserve some of the blame.
But the biggest issue has been the U.S.-led nuclear agreement with Iran. Politicians across the spectrum have come out against the deal, agreeing with Netanyahu's assessment that it does not have sufficient safeguards to prevent Iran from gaining the ability to make a nuclear bomb & that it will boost Iran's influence across the region. Iran is a key backer of Israel's toughest enemies, & Netanyahu has warned that the ending of sanctions against Iran will result in more money & arms flowing to groups like Hezbollah in Lebanon & Hamas in the Gaza Strip.
Recent opinion polls reflect these sentiments. In one survey published Sunday in the Maariv daily, 77 percent of respondents said the deal endangers Israel, compared to 15 percent who said it didn't. The poll interviewed 500 people & had a margin of error of 4.3 percentage points.
An April survey of Jewish Israelis, carried out just after a preliminary nuclear deal with Iran was reached, had an equally harsh view of Obama. Just 9 percent of respondents described the White House as "pro-Israeli," while 60 percent called it "pro-Palestinian." More than 60 percent described Obama as the worst president for Israel in the past 30 years, far outdistancing runner-up Jimmy Carter at 16 percent.
That survey, conducted by the Panels Politics agency with the Jewish Journal, questioned 503 Jewish Israelis & had a margin of error of 4.6 percentage points.
In a survey of 40 countries, the Pew Research Center found the sharpest decline in Obama's image over the past year occurred in Israel, where confidence slipped from 71 percent to 49 percent.
At times, the anger toward Obama in Israel is palpable. On the streets & in online news forums, Israelis often pertain to Obama by his middle name "Hussein," a reference to his Muslim heritage on his father's side. Last year, after an anonymous White House official used a pejorative term to describe Netanyahu as cowardly, Cabinet Minister Naftali Bennett warned that Obama was "throwing Israel under the bus."
For his part, Obama has acknowledged feeling hurt. In an address to American Jewish leaders last month, Obama underscored his deep commitment to Israel's security & likened the debate over the Iran deal to a dispute within the family.
"I would suggest that, in terms of the tone of this debate, everybody keep in mind that we're all pro-Israel," he said. "And we have to make sure that we don't impugn people's motives."
Obama has said that with the Iran deal complete, he would like to commence working with Israel on ways to increase its security & allay fears approximately the deal. The Haaretz daily on Sunday said talks on providing Israel with additional U.S. weaponry have already quietly begun. Netanyahu's office declined comment.
But even if the two countries do manage to reach a new security deal, it seems unlikely that Obama will be able to repair the relationship with Netanyahu or restart Mideast peace efforts. The differences just run too deep.
The White House has said it is trying to set up a meeting between Obama & Netanyahu for November, which would be their first meeting since the Iran deal was finalized.
Yoram Ettinger, a former Israeli consul-general in Houston, said the issues here have little to do with personalities or alleged hostilities on the part of Obama. "It's an issue of a gap between two very different world views," he said.
He said that in Israeli eyes, Obama is unrealistic, sending a message of weakness through his handling of the so-called Arab Spring over the past five years & by trusting an Iranian government with such a long record of defying the international community & supporting violent groups across the region.
"Are you rooted in reality or are you rooted in wishful thinking," he said.
Source: “Associated Press”